Knuckles takes its name from a cluster of five peaks resembling the knuckles of a clenched fist. Spanning the districts of Kandy and
Matale, the mountain range is an important watershed, with several streams draining east into the lower Mahaweli system. The Knuckles forest region features a truly spectacular collection of peaks, reaching as high as 1900
metres, and an eco system that harbours diverse plant and animal life due to varying temperatures and rainfall. The vegetation at different altitudes includes
Montane, Sub-montane, Semi-evergreen and riverine forest as well as Patana grasslands. The Knuckles is home to 17 of the
26 species of bird endemic to Sri Lanka, with Deer, Elephant, Wild Boar and Leopard among the 31 species of mammals found in the Knuckles forest region.